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Word and Spirit

It is the con­stant tes­ti­mo­ny of the Bible and the Church that God acts toward the world through His Word and His Spir­it.

God cre­at­ed all things by His Word and His Spir­it. He cre­at­ed man in His divine image and like­ness to par­take of His Word and to live by His Spir­it. All of the holy peo­ple of God received the Word of God and the Spir­it of God. The patri­archs, prophets, and apos­tles all pro­claimed the Word which came to them from God by the Spir­it of God. The law of Moses and the prophets, the psalms and all the scrip­tures of the Old and New Tes­ta­ments are the Word of God, writ­ten and inter­pret­ed by men through the Spir­it of God. Always and every­where in the Bible and in the Church, God reveals Him­self and acts in man and the world by His Word and His Spirit.

The cen­tral affir­ma­tion of the Chris­t­ian Faith and the very essence of its gospel and life is that the Word of God became man as Jesus of Nazareth, the Mes­si­ah of Israel and the Lord and Sav­ior of the world. Jesus of Nazareth is the divine Word of God in human form. He is the per­son­al Word of God Who was “in the begin­ning with God,” the Word “by whom all things were made” (Jn 1:2). He is the uncre­at­ed Word of God accord­ing to Whose image all men are cre­at­ed. He is the Word of God Who came to the patri­archs and prophets and Who is incar­nate in the Bible in scrip­tur­al form. He is the Word of God Who died on the cross and is risen from the dead. He is the Head of the Church which is His Body, and the King of the King­dom of God. He is the Word of God with Whom and through Whom the Holy Spir­it comes to the world.

The Holy Spir­it of God comes per­son­al­ly to men from the Father through Jesus Christ, the incar­nate Word of God. He comes to those who believe in Christ and belong to Him through faith and repen­tance and bap­tism in His Church. He is the Spir­it Who descend­ed upon the dis­ci­ples on Pen­te­cost, who also is the Ont by whose pow­er the world was cre­at­ed and con­tin­ued to exist. He is the Spir­it breathed into men by God to make them live accord­ing to His divine like­ness. He is the Spir­it Who inspired the Law, and the prophets and the entire holy scrip­ture, pro­vid­ing for its pro­duc­tion and preser­va­tion, as well as for its inter­pre­ta­tion ir the life of the faith­ful. He is the same Holy Spir­it Who abides in the Church, mak­ing pos­si­ble the ful­ness of its sacra­men­tal and spir­i­tu­al life. He is the Spir­it of God Who, by His pres­ence with men in the world, is the pledge and the promise of God’s King­dom to come. He is the Holy Spir­it of God Who will one day, on the Day of the Lord, fill all cre­ation with the pres­ence of God.

Thus, the entire cre­ation, the sal­va­tion and glo­ri­fi­ca­tion of the world, the whole of what we call “sal­va­tion his­to­ry,” depends on God and His Word and His Spir­it, the Most Holy Trin­i­ty, Who in the Church and in the King­dom, “fills all in all” (Eph 1:23).