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The Monk Maruph


Com­mem­o­rat­ed on Feb­ru­ary 16

The Monk Maruph was bish­op of a city found­ed by him, Tigrit (Greek –Mar­ty­ropo­lis), – a bor­der city between the Byzan­tine empire and Per­sia. He was famed for his knowl­edge and his piety, he wrote about the mar­tyrs, and he suf­fered for his faith in Christ under the Per­sian emper­or Sapor. He also left behind oth­er works in the Syr­i­an lan­guage, among which the most famous are: “Com­men­tary on the Gospel”, “Vers­es of Maruph”, “Litur­gy of Maruph” and “The 73 Canons of the OEc­u­meni­cal Coun­cil at Nicea” (325) with an account of the acts of the Coun­cil. In the year 381 Saint Maruph par­tic­i­pat­ed in the II OEc­u­meni­cal Coun­cil at Con­stan­tino­ple – con­vened against the heresy of Mace­do­nius, and in the year 383 – at the local Anti­och Coun­cil against the Mes­salians. Dur­ing the years 403–404 Saint Maruph set off to Con­stan­tino­ple to plead with the emper­or Arka­dius to pro­tect Per­sian chris­tians. He was twice sent by the emper­or Theo­do­sius the Younger to the shah Izdegerd to secure the peace between the empire and Per­sia. In the year 414 Saint Maruph, hav­ing done his duty as envoy to the court of Izdegerd, per­suad­ed the shah to a favourable dis­po­si­tion towards chris­tians, and he assist­ed great­ly in the free­dom of con­fes­sion of the true faith in Per­sia. He rebuilt chris­t­ian church­es razed dur­ing the per­se­cu­tion by the Per­sian shah Sapor. He also locat­ed relics of saints that had suf­fered mar­tyr­dom and trans­ferred them to Mar­ty­ropo­lis (Tigrit). He died there in about the year 422. The relics of Saint Maruph were lat­er trans­ferred to Egypt and placed in a skete monastery of the Moth­er of God.

© 1996–2001 by trans­la­tor Fr. S. Janos.