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The Holy Trinity in the Sacraments

The sacra­ments of the Church por­tray the Trini­tar­i­an char­ac­ter of the life of God and man. Each per­son is bap­tized by the Holy Spir­it into the one human­i­ty of Christ. Being bap­tized, each per­son is giv­en the “seal of the gift of the Holy Spir­it” of God in chris­ma­tion to be a “christ”, i.e. an anoint­ed son of God to live the life of Christ.

In mar­riage the uni­ty of two into one makes the new uni­ty a reflec­tion of the uni­ty of the Trin­i­ty, and the uni­ty of Christ and the Church. For the fam­i­ly of many per­sons unit­ed in one truth and love is indeed the cre­at­ed man­i­fes­ta­tion of the one fam­i­ly of God’s King­dom, and of God Him­self, the Blessed Trin­i­ty.

In penance once more we renew our new life as sons of the Father through the grace of Christ by the pow­er of the Holy Spir­it, for­giv­en and reunit­ed into the uni­ty of God in His Church.

In holy unc­tion the Spir­it anoints the suf­fer­er to suf­fer and die in Christ and so to be healed and made alive with the Father for eter­ni­ty.

The priest­hood itself, the min­istry of the Church, is noth­ing oth­er than the con­crete man­i­fes­ta­tion in the Church of the pres­ence of Christ by the same Holy Spir­it who makes acces­si­ble to all men the action of the Father and the way to ever­last­ing com­mu­nion in and with Him.

Final­ly, the “mys­tery of mys­ter­ies,” the Holy Eucharist, is the actu­al expe­ri­ence of all Chris­t­ian peo­ple led to com­mu­nion with God the Father by the pow­er of the Holy Spir­it through Christ the Son who is present in the Word of the Gospel and in the Passover Meal of His Body and Blood eat­en in remem­brance of Him. The very move­ment of the Divine Liturgy—towards the Father through Christ the Word and the Lamb, in the pow­er of the Holy Spirit—is the liv­ing sacra­men­tal sym­bol of our eter­nal move­ment in and toward God, the Blessed Trin­i­ty.

Even Chris­t­ian prayer is the rev­e­la­tion of the Trin­i­ty, accom­plished with­in the third per­son of the God­head. Inspired by the Holy Spir­it, men can call God “our Father” only because of the Son who has taught them and enabled them to do so. Thus, the true prayer of Chris­tians is not the call­ing out of our souls in earth­ly iso­la­tion to a far-away God. It is the prayer in us of the divine Son of God made to His Father, accom­plished in us by the Holy Spir­it who him­self is also divine.

For we have received the Spir­it of adop­tion, where­by we cry Abba! Father! The Spir­it itself bears wit­ness that we are chil­dren of God … for we know not what we should pray for as we ought; but the Spir­it itself inter­cedes for us …
(Rom 8:15–16, 26)